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Final Examination

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    Final Exam in the MA in ELT programme

      Methodology component


    The exam topics for the ELT Methodology component of the final exam are based on two main sources.

    1 Compulsory background reading

    You are expected to have read thoroughly at least one of the basic EFL methodology publications:

      • Harmer J. (1991). The practice of English language teaching. 2nd ed. London: Longman.
      • Scrivener, J. (1994) Learning Teaching. Macmillan Heinemann.
      • Ur, P. (1996). A course in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.


    A reason for asking you to read (or re-read) one of these books is to give you a chance to review your experiences in the light of what you read. At the examiners will be interested to hear about the basic principles described in the literature, but just as interested in your views on these principles with regard to your teaching experiences.

    2 Readings related to ELT Methodology

    These may come from readings set for the Methodology and Testing lecture series, Language Pedagogy options, Individual studies and your previous studies in this area), one of which will be the basis of Part 2 in the exam..

    Exam Procedure


    Part 1: You will be asked to draw one of the 13 topics (tétel). The examiner will then ask you specific questions or invite you to reflect on principles, concepts and practice.


    Part 2:  You will be expected to talk about the article of your choice, highlighting key issues, explaining why you found them particularly insightful and relating them to your experience.

    Exam Topics for Part 1

      • Learning and teaching

    ·         Learner types, learning styles

    ·         Teacher roles and responsibilities

    ·         The teacher as a facilitator, etc.

    ·         The native and non-native teacher

      • The Communicative Approach

    ·         Principles, methods, techniques

    ·         Communicative activities

      • Classroom management

    ·         Classroom interactions

    ·         Giving instructions, discipline problems

    ·         Seating arrangement

    ·         Group dynamics

      • Innovative methodologies and task types

    ·         Integrating  language skills

    ·         Competence development

    ·         Collaborative, cooperative learning, project work

    ·         ICT in ELT

      • Teaching listening skills

    ·         Listening sub-skills

    ·         Staging a listening activity

    ·         Authentic texts

      • Teaching reading skills

    ·         Authentic reading texts

    ·         Reading sub-skills

    ·         Staging a reading task

      • Teaching speaking skills

    ·         Communicative vs non-communicative tasks

    ·         Developing fluency vs accuracy

    ·         Teaching pronunciation

      • Teaching writing skills

    ·         Word, sentence and paragraph level writing

    ·         Process vs product writing

      • Teaching structures and functions

    ·         Techniques of presentation

    ·         Techniques of practice and integration

      •  Evaluation and assessment

    ·         Giving feedback

    ·         Error correction

    ·         Language testing

    ·         Alternative (formative, continuous) assessment

      • Teaching vocabulary and related skills

    ·         Techniques of presentation

    ·         Recycling, testing, etc.

      • Teaching young learners

    ·         Special features

    ·         Examples of teaching skills

      • Course and lesson planning

    ·         Planning lessons

    ·         Curriculum and syllabus

    ·         NAT, érettségi requirements

    ·         Evaluating coursebooks and other EFL materials

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