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Final Examination

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    Final Exam in the OTAK programme

      Methodology component


    The exam topics for the ELT Methodology component of the final exam are based on two main sources.

    1 Compulsory background reading

    You are expected to have read thoroughly at least one of the basic EFL methodology publications:

    • Harmer J. (1991/2007/2015). The practice of English language teaching. 2nd ed. London: Longman.
    • Scrivener, J. (1994/2005/2011) Learning Teaching. Macmillan Heinemann.
    • Ur, P. (1996/1999/2012). A course in language teaching. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 

             The alternative dates indicate the different editions available in the SEAS Library.

    The reason for asking you to read (or re-read) one of these books is to give you a chance to review your experience in the light of what you read. At the examiners will be interested to hear about the basic principles described in the literature, but just as interested in your views on these principles with regard to your teaching experiences.

    2 Readings related to ELT Methodology

    These may come from readings set for the Methodology and Testing lecture series, Language Pedagogy options, Individual studies and your previous studies in this area. Please prepare to discuss one of these articles in Part 2 of the exam.

    Exam Procedure


    Part 1: You will be asked to draw one of the 13 topics (tétel). The examiner will then ask you specific questions or invite you to reflect on principles, concepts and practice.


    Part 2:  You will be expected to talk about the article of your choice, highlighting key issues, explaining why you found them particularly insightful and relating them to your experience.

    Exam Topics for Part 1

    1.   Learning and teaching

    ·         Learner types, learning styles

    ·         Teacher roles and responsibilities

    ·         The teacher as a facilitator, etc.

    ·         The native and non-native teacher

    2.   The Communicative Approach

    ·         Principles, methods, techniques

    ·         Communicative activities

    ·           Integrating skills        

    3.   Classroom management

    ·         Classroom interactions

    ·         Giving instructions, discipline problems

    ·         Seating arrangement

    ·         Group dynamics

    4.   Current issues in language teaching

    ·         Competence development

    ·           The intercultural dimension of language teaching

    ·         Collaborative, cooperative learning, project work

    ·         ICT in language teaching and learning

    5.   Teaching listening skills

    ·         Listening sub-skills

    ·         Staging a listening activity

    ·         Authentic texts

    6.   Teaching reading skills

    ·         Authentic reading texts

    ·         Reading sub-skills

    ·         Staging a reading task

    7.   Teaching speaking skills

    ·         Communicative vs. non-communicative tasks

    ·         Developing fluency vs. accuracy

    ·         Teaching pronunciation

    8.   Teaching writing skills

    ·         Word, sentence and paragraph level writing

    ·         Process vs. product writing

    9.   Teaching structures and functions

    ·         Techniques of presentation

    ·         Techniques of practice and integration

    10. Evaluation and assessment

    ·         Giving feedback

    ·         Error correction

    ·         Language testing

    ·         Alternative (formative, continuous) assessment

    11. Teaching vocabulary and related skills

    ·         Techniques of presentation

    ·         Recycling, testing, etc.

    12. Teaching young learners

    ·         Special features

    ·         Examples of teaching skills

    13. Course and lesson planning

    ·         Planning lessons

    ·         Curriculum and syllabus

    ·         NAT, érettségi requirements

    ·         Evaluating coursebooks and other EFL materials

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